.TH s3cmd 1 .SH NAME s3cmd \- tool for managing Amazon S3 storage space and Amazon CloudFront content delivery network .SH SYNOPSIS .B s3cmd [\fIOPTIONS\fR] \fICOMMAND\fR [\fIPARAMETERS\fR] .SH DESCRIPTION .PP .B s3cmd is a command line client for copying files to/from Amazon S3 (Simple Storage Service) and performing other related tasks, for instance creating and removing buckets, listing objects, etc. .PP .B s3cmd can do several \fIactions\fR specified by the following \fIcommands\fR. .TP \fBmb\fR \fIs3://BUCKET\fR Make bucket .TP \fBrb\fR \fIs3://BUCKET\fR Remove bucket .TP \fBls\fR \fI[s3://BUCKET[/PREFIX]]\fR List objects or buckets .TP \fBla\fR List all object in all buckets .TP \fBput\fR \fIFILE [FILE...] s3://BUCKET[/PREFIX]\fR Put file into bucket (i.e. upload to S3) .TP \fBget\fR \fIs3://BUCKET/OBJECT LOCAL_FILE\fR Get file from bucket (i.e. download from S3) .TP \fBdel\fR \fIs3://BUCKET/OBJECT\fR Delete file from bucket .TP \fBsync\fR \fILOCAL_DIR s3://BUCKET[/PREFIX]\fR Backup a directory tree to S3 .TP \fBsync\fR \fIs3://BUCKET[/PREFIX] LOCAL_DIR\fR Restore a tree from S3 to local directory .TP \fBcp\fR \fIs3://BUCKET1/OBJECT1 s3://BUCKET2[/OBJECT2]\fR, \fBmv\fR \fIs3://BUCKET1/OBJECT1 s3://BUCKET2[/OBJECT2]\fR Make a copy of a file (\fIcp\fR) or move a file (\fImv\fR). Destination can be in the same bucket with a different name or in another bucket with the same or different name. Adding \fI\-\-acl\-public\fR will make the destination object publicly accessible (see below). .TP \fBsetacl\fR \fIs3://BUCKET[/OBJECT]\fR Modify \fIAccess control list\fI for Bucket or Files. Use with \fI\-\-acl\-public\fR or \fI\-\-acl\-private\fR .TP \fBinfo\fR \fIs3://BUCKET[/OBJECT]\fR Get various information about a Bucket or Object .TP \fBdu\fR \fI[s3://BUCKET[/PREFIX]]\fR Disk usage \- amount of data stored in S3 .PP Commands for CloudFront management .TP \fBcflist\fR List CloudFront distribution points .TP \fBcfinfo\fR [\fIcf://DIST_ID\fR] Display CloudFront distribution point parameters .TP \fBcfcreate\fR \fIs3://BUCKET\fR Create CloudFront distribution point .TP \fBcfdelete\fR \fIcf://DIST_ID\fR Delete CloudFront distribution point .TP \fBcfmodify\fR \fIcf://DIST_ID\fR Change CloudFront distribution point parameters .SH OPTIONS .PP Some of the below specified options can have their default values set in .B s3cmd config file (by default $HOME/.s3cmd). As it's a simple text file feel free to open it with your favorite text editor and do any changes you like. .PP \fIConfig file related options.\fR .TP \fB\-\-configure\fR Invoke interactive (re)configuration tool. Don't worry, you won't lose your settings on subsequent runs. .TP \fB\-c\fR FILE, \fB\-\-config\fR=FILE Config file name. Defaults to $HOME/.s3cfg .TP \fB\-\-dump\-config\fR Dump current configuration after parsing config files and command line options and exit. .PP \fIOptions specific for \fIfile transfer commands\fR (\fBsync\fR, \fBput\fR and \fBget\fR): .TP \fB\-n\fR, \fB\-\-dry\-run\fR Only show what should be uploaded or downloaded but don't actually do it. May still perform S3 requests to get bucket listings and other in formation though. .TP \fB\-\-delete\-removed\fR Delete remote objects with no corresponding local file when \fIsync\fRing \fBto\fR S3 or delete local files with no corresponding object in S3 when \fIsync\fRing \fBfrom\fR S3. .TP \fB\-\-no\-delete\-removed\fR Don't delete remote objects. Default for \fIsync\fR command. .TP \fB\-p\fR, \fB\-\-preserve\fR Preserve filesystem attributes (mode, ownership, timestamps). Default for \fIsync\fR command. .TP \fB\-\-no\-preserve\fR Don't store filesystem attributes with uploaded files. .TP \fB\-\-exclude GLOB\fR Exclude files matching GLOB (a.k.a. shell-style wildcard) from \fIsync\fI. See FILE TRANSFERS section and \fIhttp://s3tools.org/s3cmd-sync\fR for more information. .TP \fB\-\-exclude\-from FILE\fR Same as \-\-exclude but reads GLOBs from the given FILE instead of expecting them on the command line. .TP \fB\-\-rexclude REGEXP\fR Same as \-\-exclude but works with REGEXPs (Regular expressions). .TP \fB\-\-rexclude\-from FILE\fR Same as \-\-exclude\-from but works with REGEXPs. .TP \fB\-\-include=GLOB\fR, \fB\-\-include\-from=FILE\fR, \fB\-\-rinclude=REGEXP\fR, \fB\-\-rinclude\-from=FILE\fR Filenames and paths matching GLOB or REGEXP will be included even if previously excluded by one of \-\-(r)exclude(\-from) patterns .TP \fB\-\-continue\fR Continue getting a partially downloaded file (only for \fIget\fR command). This comes handy once download of a large file, say an ISO image, from a S3 bucket fails and a partially downloaded file is left on the disk. Unfortunately \fIput\fR command doesn't support restarting of failed upload due to Amazon S3 limitations. .TP \fB\-\-skip\-existing\fR Skip over files that exist at the destination (only for \fIget\fR and \fIsync\fR commands). .TP \fB\-m\fR MIME/TYPE, \fB\-\-mime\-type\fR=MIME/TYPE Default MIME\-type to be set for objects stored. .TP \fB\-M\fR, \fB\-\-guess\-mime\-type\fR Guess MIME\(hytype of files by their extension. Falls back to default MIME\(hyType as specified by \fB\-\-mime\-type\fR option .TP \fB\-\-add\-header=NAME:VALUE\fR Add a given HTTP header to the upload request. Can be used multiple times with different header names. For instance set 'Expires' or 'Cache-Control' headers (or both) using this options if you like. .TP \fB\-P\fR, \fB\-\-acl\-public\fR Store objects with permissions allowing read for anyone. See \fIhttp://s3tools.org/s3cmd-public\fR for details and hints for storing publicly accessible files. .TP \fB\-\-acl\-private\fR Store objects with default ACL allowing access for you only. .TP \fB\-e\fR, \fB\-\-encrypt\fR Use GPG encryption to protect stored objects from unauthorized access. See \fIhttp://s3tools.org/s3cmd-public\fR for details about encryption. .TP \fB\-\-no\-encrypt\fR Don't encrypt files. .PP \fIOptions for CloudFront commands\fR: .PP See \fIhttp://s3tools.org/s3cmd-cloudfront\fR for more details. .TP \fB\-\-enable\fR Enable given CloudFront distribution (only for \fIcfmodify\fR command) .TP \fB\-\-disable\fR Enable given CloudFront distribution (only for \fIcfmodify\fR command) .TP \fB\-\-cf\-add\-cname=CNAME\fR Add given CNAME to a CloudFront distribution (only for \fIcfcreate\fR and \fIcfmodify\fR commands) .TP \fB\-\-cf\-remove\-cname=CNAME\fR Remove given CNAME from a CloudFront distribution (only for \fIcfmodify\fR command) .TP \fB\-\-cf\-comment=COMMENT\fR Set COMMENT for a given CloudFront distribution (only for \fIcfcreate\fR and \fIcfmodify\fR commands) .PP \fIOptions common for all commands\fR (where it makes sense indeed): .TP \fB\-r\fR, \fB\-\-recursive\fR Recursive upload, download or removal. When used with \fIdel\fR it can remove all the files in a bucket. .TP \fB\-f\fR, \fB\-\-force\fR Force overwrite and other dangerous operations. Can be used to remove a non\-empty buckets with \fIs3cmd rb \-\-force s3://bkt\fR .TP \fB\-\-bucket\-location\fR=BUCKET_LOCATION Specify datacentre where to create the bucket. Possible values are \fIUS\fR (default) or \fIEU\fR. .TP \fB\-H\fR, \fB\-\-human\-readable\-sizes\fR Print sizes in human readable form. .TP \fB\-\-list\-md5\fR Include MD5 sums in bucket listings (only for \fIls\fR command). .TP \fB\-\-progress\fR, \fB\-\-no\-progress\fR Display or don't display progress meter. When running on TTY (e.g. console or xterm) the default is to display progress meter. If not on TTY (e.g. output is redirected somewhere or running from cron) the default is to not display progress meter. .TP \fB\-\-encoding=ENCODING\fR Override autodetected terminal and filesystem encoding (character set). .TP \fB\-v\fR, \fB\-\-verbose\fR Enable verbose output. .TP \fB\-d\fR, \fB\-\-debug\fR Enable debug output. .TP \fB\-h\fR, \fB\-\-help\fR Show the help message and exit .TP \fB\-\-version\fR Show .B s3cmd version and exit. .SH FILE TRANSFERS One of the most powerful commands of \fIs3cmd\fR is \fBs3cmd sync\fR used for synchronising complete directory trees to or from remote S3 storage. To some extent \fBs3cmd put\fR and \fBs3cmd get\fR share a similar behaviour with \fBsync\fR. .PP Basic usage common in backup scenarios is as simple as: .nf s3cmd sync /local/path/ s3://test-bucket/backup/ .fi .PP This command will find all files under /local/path directory and copy them to corresponding paths under s3://test-bucket/backup on the remote side. For example: .nf /local/path/\fBfile1.ext\fR \-> s3://bucket/backup/\fBfile1.ext\fR /local/path/\fBdir123/file2.bin\fR \-> s3://bucket/backup/\fBdir123/file2.bin\fR .fi .PP However if the local path doesn't end with a slash the last directory's name is used on the remote side as well. Compare these with the previous example: .nf s3cmd sync /local/path s3://test-bucket/backup/ .fi will sync: .nf /local/\fBpath/file1.ext\fR \-> s3://bucket/backup/\fBpath/file1.ext\fR /local/\fBpath/dir123/file2.bin\fR \-> s3://bucket/backup/\fBpath/dir123/file2.bin\fR .fi .PP To retrieve the files back from S3 use inverted syntax: .nf s3cmd sync s3://test-bucket/backup/ /tmp/restore/ .fi that will download files: .nf s3://bucket/backup/\fBfile1.ext\fR \-> /tmp/restore/\fBfile1.ext\fR s3://bucket/backup/\fBdir123/file2.bin\fR \-> /tmp/restore/\fBdir123/file2.bin\fR .fi .PP Without the trailing slash on source the behaviour is similar to what has been demonstrated with upload: .nf s3cmd sync s3://test-bucket/backup /tmp/restore/ .fi will download the files as: .nf s3://bucket/\fBbackup/file1.ext\fR \-> /tmp/restore/\fBbackup/file1.ext\fR s3://bucket/\fBbackup/dir123/file2.bin\fR \-> /tmp/restore/\fBbackup/dir123/file2.bin\fR .fi .PP All source file names, the bold ones above, are matched against \fBexclude\fR rules and those that match are then re\-checked against \fBinclude\fR rules to see whether they should be excluded or kept in the source list. .PP For the purpose of \fB\-\-exclude\fR and \fB\-\-include\fR matching only the bold file names above are used. For instance only \fBpath/file1.ext\fR is tested against the patterns, not \fI/local/\fBpath/file1.ext\fR .PP Both \fB\-\-exclude\fR and \fB\-\-include\fR work with shell-style wildcards (a.k.a. GLOB). For a greater flexibility s3cmd provides Regular-expression versions of the two exclude options named \fB\-\-rexclude\fR and \fB\-\-rinclude\fR. The options with ...\fB\-from\fR suffix (eg \-\-rinclude\-from) expect a filename as an argument. Each line of such a file is treated as one pattern. .PP There is only one set of patterns built from all \fB\-\-(r)exclude(\-from)\fR options and similarly for include variant. Any file excluded with eg \-\-exclude can be put back with a pattern found in \-\-rinclude\-from list. .PP Run s3cmd with \fB\-\-dry\-run\fR to verify that your rules work as expected. Use together with \fB\-\-debug\fR get detailed information about matching file names against exclude and include rules. .PP For example to exclude all files with ".jpg" extension except those beginning with a number use: .PP \-\-exclude '*.jpg' \-\-rinclude '[0-9].*\.jpg' .SH SEE ALSO For the most up to date list of options run .B s3cmd \-\-help .br For more info about usage, examples and other related info visit project homepage at .br .B http://s3tools.org .SH AUTHOR Written by Michal Ludvig <email@example.com> .SH CONTACT, SUPPORT Prefered way to get support is our mailing list: .I s3tools\-firstname.lastname@example.org .SH REPORTING BUGS Report bugs to .I s3tools\-email@example.com .SH COPYRIGHT Copyright \(co 2007,2008,2009 Michal Ludvig <http://www.logix.cz/michal> .br This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.